Aphodius rufus (Moll, 1782)

Female
Locally common throughout England, Wales and Scotland and found in various types of dung. Widespread across the Watford area. Adults appear in late June and are soon very common; during August 2006 on Common moor numbers increased rapidly as they displaced Aphodius rufipes L. as the dominant species in cattle dung, by early september they were present in huge numbers in every dung sample and were often the only Aphodius species present. Not long after this, as Aphodius contaminatus (Herbst) began to appear, their number fell rapidly and by mid September they were virtually absent.

5-7mm. Head red, obtusely angled laterally in front of eyes, finely punctate throughout. Antennae and palpi light red. Pronotum lighter posteriorly and laterally, front angles broadly yellow, prosternum light reddish brown. Punctate throughout with punctures of two distinct sizes. Scutellum equilateral with scattered large punctures. Elytra parallel sided and glabrous, variously darkened but usually laterally and around apex. Striae shallow, punctate and at least one pair among 3-8 fused apically. Apex shining, finely punctate, raised margin apically narrower than second stria near its apex. Legs red, basal segment of meta tarsi shorter than next three together. Pronotum dull and central tubercle much larger in Male.

Description from 6 Watford specimens at X20


Female

Male

Female

Male

Home