|Hydaticus seminiger (De Geer, 1774) Notable B|
|A local species widely distributed in the southeast with many modern (post 1990)
records below a line from the wash to southeast Dorset including the Isle of Wight. Beyond these there are a few
scattered and isolated modern records from Somerset, Cheshire, Wrekin and, from Scotland, south Lanark. Typical habitat
is ponds and ditches with plenty of vegetation, often in wooded areas
(Nilsson and Holmen) and this describes very very well
the site of our record of the species during June 2009 when five males were swept from a very shallow weed choked pond
shaded by dense broadleaved woodland near Denham (Middx). Although we have not recorded the species from Watford it
seems sensible to expect it as there are modern records from southeast Herts on the NBN (Jul 09).
Balfour-Browne records first, second and third instar
larvae in early August and newly emerged adults in August and September suggesting overwintering by both adults and
larvae; Nilsson and Holmen state that adults overwinter on land and return to breeding sites in the spring.
Oviposition may therefore be extended, beginning early with matured overwintered adults and continuing later as adults
from overwintered larvae mature later in the year.
The large size and distinctive colouration will identify this species.
13.5-14.5mm. Head very finely punctured and microsculptured (X10), black with two small transverse pale marks between posterior margins of eyes and area in front of eyes extensively yellow. Eyes entire ie not incised on anterior margins, outline from above with a distinct angle. Antennae and palps rufous or darkened towards apex. Pronotum evenly curved and contracted laterally from base to protruding and acute front angles, hind angles perpendicular. Characteristically marked; the basal black mark extending at least two thirds of the entire length. Very finely microsculptured and with series of larger punctures inside anterior and lateral margins. Scutellum broadly triangular, microsculptured as surrounding elytra. Elytra black with broad yellow margins from shoulders (in our specimens they do not reach the apex), these are usually interrupted by a longitudinal black line and may be dotted with black marks. Broadly oval and convex, becoming flatter towards apex, each with three distinct lines of punctures. Outline smoothly curved; not sinuate before apex [Prosternum in female and often lateral area of elytra with deep irregular grooves, Nilsson and Holmen]. Legs dark rufous, the hind legs generally darker. Male with basal segments of pro and meso tarsi dilated and with pale sucker hairs below. Protarsal claws equal; long and strongly curved at base then more or less straight to apex. Terminal segment of pro and mesotarsi very long. Metatarsal claws unequal; outer claw about half the length of the inner. Underside predominantly black
Description from 2 Uxbridge specimens at X10
Three species ofHydaticus Leach, 1817 are includedin the British list (Foster, G.N. in Duff); seminiger (De Geer, 1774), transversalis (Pontoppidan, 1763) and continentalis Balfour-Browne, J. 1944 (=stagnalis (Fabricius, 1787) non (Fourcroy, 1785)). H.seminiger is featured, transversalis is a much less frequent species occuring in the south. All are easily recognised; large insects, 12-14mm with a dark transverse mark across the base of the pronotum. H.seminiger is described above, in transversalis the dark pronotal mark is shorter, extending only about halfway to the front margin and there is a transverse yellow mark behind the base of each elytron.
Hyadaticus continentalis is now probably extinct in Britain (Friday), here the dark pronotal mark is short, less than half the pronotal length and often narrower so that the yellow lateral border is very broad at the base. The elytra have various longitudinal yellow marks but lack the basal transverse marks of transversalis.
Our three listed species are keyed in some detail by Nilsson and Holmen, 1995.